The validity of a theory is assessed by generating a prediction based on the theory and then testing

The validity of a theory is assessed by generating a prediction based on the theory and then testing

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The validity of a theory is assessed by generating a prediction based on the theory  and then testing to determine if the theory was correct. This is classical deductive  research.  Example: Your theory predicts that this early determinant of susceptibility  to social attention also affects the person's verbal skills. You compare GRE  verbal scores of the two groups known to differ with respect to early  experiences.  This type of research is forced when an unexpected behavioral relationship  is uncovered. The existing theoretical formulations do not handle the  result and, therefore, a functional context for it must be established. 
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Unformatted text preview: Example: You find that once someone begins to obtain reinforcers from one person regularly, other people do not function as reinforcers as well. The identification of the underlying cause of a psychological phenomenon can be the goal of research. You may know of a particular functional relationship and be interested in discovering exactly why it works the way it does. This is classical inductive research. Example: You find five students who do not respond to social attention at all. Your initial test is to determine if money will function as a reinforcer....
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