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PLEASE WRITE ON YOUR OWN PAPER Parts of Speech All words belong to different parts of speech. There are eight main categories that words belong  to. The categories depend on the functions the words serve in the language.  HINT:  To help remember the names of the eight parts of speech, use the acronym          “IVAN CAPP” (interjections, verbs, adjectives, nouns; conjunctions, adverbs,           prepositions, pronouns).  Categories Interjections:   are words or sounds that express emotion. Depending on the degree of the emotion  that’s expressed, an interjection is followed by an exclamation point or a comma.  ah oh ugh aha oh no well help ooh wow hey ouch yeah Great emotion requires the exclamation point; lesser emotion requires a comma. Ex: Ah, here comes the pizza delivery boy.      Ugh, his muscles are so big. Ouch! Watch where you put that melted cheese, Buddy! Verbs:   are words   that express an action or a state-of-being.  Action verbs  show something happening. Examples of action verbs: Dustin  walked  to Pink’s for a hot dog. Angelina  waved  and  smiled  at Cher at The Ivy.  State-of-being verbs   (commonly called   linking verbs ) describe the condition.   Examples of linking verbs: Liam  is  taller in person. Meryl  seemed  uneasy at the Oscars.  Some of the most common linking verbs are:  appear be become feel grow look remain seem smell sound stay , and  taste Forms of the verb  to be  include:  am are is was were be being Parts of Speech 1
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PLEASE WRITE ON YOUR OWN PAPER HINT:  A simple test to determine whether a verb is a linking verb is to  substitute the verb for  is  or  was Look at the following two sentences:  The flower  smelled  sweet. (linking) Jan  smelled  the flower. (action) When substituting the verb in the first sentence we get:  The flower  was  sweet.  Since  was  can replace  smelled , smelled in this sentence is a linking verb. However, consider the second sentence:  Jan  smelled  the flower.  Substitute  was  for  smelled  and you get: Jan  was  the flower. Unless Jan was ten and in some school play about photosynthesis,  smelled  would be an  action verb.  Adjectives:   descriptive words that are used to modify a noun or pronouns.  Ex: The  antique  bedframe was made of black metal.  In most instances, adjectives come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Ex: The molars,  painful  and  impacted , must be extracted right away.
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