Foreign Policy in Central America

Foreign Policy in Central America - Foreign Policy in...

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Foreign Policy in Central America Monroe Doctrine (1823)- a statement (it had no legal basis is was just a statement) by the U.S government that the Americas (Caribbean) would no longer be open for European colonization, any intervention by a European country was seen as unfriendly towards the U.S. Nor could Spain or those countries that had become independent of Spain trade their status to go back under Spanish control. It did not seek to liberate colonies that remained under Spain such as Cuba and Puerto Rico. The U.S at this time gets caught up in what we call Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny- A dream by people like George Washington and Thomas Jefferson that the US some day would stretch from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. In 1803 the emperor Napoleon traded Louisiana to the U.S for some millions of dollars in Gold coin. What’s interesting about this is it basically doubled the size of the U.S as it was known at the time. 1. In 1812 The U.S fought a war with the British mainly because the U.S tried to invade Canada and failed and the British decided to punish the U.S by rating Washington DC and Delaware. And the British burnt down the white house and finally a battle took place in New Orleans in 1914, and Andrew Jackson defeated the British. 2. Then Mexico had a war with U. S and Mexico lost half of its territory to the U.S in the war. The U.S elites begin to think, all successful European countries have colonies so why doesn’t the U.S have colonies abroad as well, only problem was they were all taken. The war for Cuban Independence against the Spanish in 1898 provided the perfect opportunity then for the U.S to begin to acquire some colonies in the Caribbean. At this time in the 1800’s the great European powers were all scrambling trying to each colonize different parts of Africa and U.S felt they were behind. As a result of 1898 there came a huge interest in the Caribbean Teller Amendment- Said that Cuba was not to become a U.S territory because the Sugar it produced would put out of business the American Sugar Growers. Cuban cane sugar would compete with American Cane Sugar and probably would be produced cheaper as a result putting the U.S sugar growers out of business. This amendment then became part of the U.S constitution. So Cuba’s independence was respected as a result in the Treaty of Paris in 1899 Platt Amendment- said the U.S whenever they wanted to had the right to entered into Cuba and take over the government and run the Cuban government if there was any kind of chaos or failure to pay debts. This was an insult to the Cuban people and for the next 30 years this amendment will be in play. This brought amongst many Cubans who had knowledge of what had happened a very bitter distrust in the U.S and its policies. During these 30 years some 20000 business men from the U.S went down to Cuba and placed businesses in the Island. They stayed there until 1959 when Fidel came into power.
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Roosevelt thought it was time for the U.S to build a basically what we call today the Panama
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course POLISCI POS4004 taught by Professor Menzel during the Spring '11 term at Broward College.

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Foreign Policy in Central America - Foreign Policy in...

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