22 - Social stratification or inequality is linked to such...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2) The Social-Conflict Paradigm • The Conflict perspective views conflict, competition, and disagreement over scarce resources (e.g., power, wealth, and prestige) as the fundamental reality of social life. • Karl Marx examined the conflict between the bourgeoisie or capitalists – those who own the means of production (e.g., the factories, land, raw materials, warehouses, machines, and tools) – and those who do not own and must necessarily labor (i.e., the proletariat). Business owners are able to produce enough food and material goods for everyone and thus have the power to end human suffering; however, capitalists are concerned with profit rather than the needs of people. • Society is structured in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majority.
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Social stratification or inequality is linked to such factors as class, race, sex, and age. 3) The Symbolic-Interactionist Paradigm • According to the symbolic-interactionist perspective, society arises from the ongoing interaction of individuals; people’s perceptions of reality are variable and changing • Symbolic interactionists examine how people learn attitudes and behavior, as well as how people come to define situations as problems. • The process by which people creatively shape reality through symbolic interaction is referred to as the social construction of reality . Determining whether a social problem exists often depends on which audience is watching, who the actor is, where the action takes place, and when the action occurs....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online