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24 - accepted and so widely used means that it creates more...

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2) Depressants are drugs that slow the operation of the central nervous system , reduces coordination, and decreases mental alertness (i.e., they have the opposite effect of stimulants). a) Analgesics are drugs that dull pain. The most common analgesics include over- the-counter pain relievers like aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin), and acetaminophen (Tylenol). Less common, but more problematic, are naturally occurring narcotics, or opiates , such as opium and drugs derived from opium (e.g., morphine, codeine, and heroin). Opiates are highly addictive. b) Sedative-hypnotics include barbiturates and tranquilizers. Medically, these drugs are used to produce two effects: relaxation (sedation) and sleep (hypnosis). The psychological effects of these drugs are similar to those of alcohol. Abrupt barbiturate withdrawal is fatal for 1 in every 20 persons. c) Alcohol is an accepted part of our culture; the fact that alcohol is so widely
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Unformatted text preview: accepted and so widely used means that it creates more problems than other drugs. Common health problems associated with alcohol include malnutrition, cirrhosis of the liver, and heart problems; also, children of alcoholic mothers have lower birth-weights, slower language development, lower IQs, and more birth defects than other children. Death can result from using alcohol in combination with other depressant drugs (e.g., sleeping pills), drunk driving, and extreme intoxication. - Most current studies indicate that: (1) a little more than half of all Americans say they have had at least one drink in the last month; (2) more men than women drink (although this difference is narrowing); (3) whites drink more frequently than African Americans, and; (4) the prevalence of drinking is greatest among the college educated and those with higher incomes....
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