33 - ensure compliance within their society and to protect...

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3) Sociological Perspectives examine the structural conditions of war and terrorism, rather than focusing on individual deficiencies. They include the functionalist, conflict, and symbolic interactionist paradigms. Functionalists argue that war serves certain functions for society: War settles disputes; demonstrates that one nation or group has power over another; punishes; is a way to disseminate religious and political ideologies; controls the size of the population; and stimulates the economy. - What are some of the dysfunctions of war? Conflict theorists argue that militarism and preparedness of war contribute to the economic well-being of some, but not all, people. Nations inevitably use force to
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Unformatted text preview: ensure compliance within their society and to protect themselves from outside attacks. Further, conflict theorists note that the military is a male institution, and it is almost impossible to untangle masculinity from militarism. • Symbolic Interactionists focus on the social construction of reality, including the ways in which manhood and militarism is historically created and recreated through gender socialization. They also examine how a particular act comes to be described as “terrorism” and how others are labeled as legitimate targets of violence....
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