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A Critique of the Chicago School

A Critique of the Chicago School - Goode(1997:87-90...

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A Critique of the Chicago School There is a bias associated with the Chicago school perspective. "Disorganization" uses middle-class points of view. 1. Research that followed the Chicago school found that, in fact, ghetto neighborhoods demonstrate a lot of organization. The kind of organization found in poor neighborhoods, however, is simply different from that found in middle-class neighborhoods. Example: The Role of the Church in Black Communities. 2. Furthermore, many of the activities viewed as deviant in poor communities, were also committed in middle-class suburban areas. Interactionist Perspective: Differential Association Differential association is the first of two Interactionist perspectives
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Unformatted text preview: . Goode (1997:87-90) contends that Edwin Sutherland's Differential Association Theory is one of the more important theories in the study of deviance. It arose as a critique to those theories that sought biological explanations for deviance. According to differential association theory, people learn to be deviant (see Henslin, 1999:198-99). Goode (1997) maintains that one learns deviance the same as one learns to brush their teeth. People learn to be deviant by associating with people who are deviant. Criminal knowledge, skills, values, traditions, and motives are passed on by word of mouth....
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