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Analysis of Class - A What is a Social Class According to...

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Analysis of Class: Karl Marx Karl Marx studied the forces that caused the misery of the working class in 19th Century Western Europe. The student of Marx cannot forget that Marx is a historic figure. He wrote in the middle 1800 when social relations weresome what different from those found at the end of the 20th century. At the time of Marx a handful of wealthy capitalist exploited a large and impoverished working class. For Marx, ownership of the means of production was the primary factor that distinguished the different classes under industrial capitalism. Farley (2000) contends that during the 1800s capitalism was more exploitative than during any time in the last several hundred years.
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Unformatted text preview: A. What is a Social Class According to Marx? In Marxist terminology, "a class consists of all the people who share a common relationship to the means of production" (Robinson, 1989:172). 1. The bourgeoisie Those people who control the means of production (whether that means factories or slaves or land) make up the dominant class or the bourgeoisie. 2. The Proletariat Those who work for the dominant class (slaves, peasants, industrial laborers)are the subordinate class or the proletariat. This relationship is both unequal and exploitative in that the dominant class takes unfair advantage of the subordinate class....
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