Biological and Social Meaning of Race• The idea of biological race is based on the mistaken notion of a genetically isolated human group. Applying pure racial types to humans is problematic because of interbreeding; despite continuing prejudice about Black-White marriages, a large number of Whites have African American ancestry. Due to people’s frequent migration, exploration, and invasions, pure genetic types have not existed for some time, if they ever did.• Skin color among African Americans varies tremendously, as it does among White Americans.• If we grouped people by genetic resistance to malaria and by fingerprint patterns, Norwegians and many Africans groups would be of the same race.• If we grouped people by some digestive capacities, some Africans, Asians, and southern Europeans would be of one group and West Africans and northern Europeans of another.• Although race does not distinguish humans from one another biologically, it is an important concept because of the social meaning people have attached to it. Race is
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