Bureaucracy - rules and goals of the organization as their...

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Bureaucracy The Development of Formal Social Structure: Division of Labor The impact of social structure is great indeed! Durkheim, in his epic work, The Division of Labor in Society (1983) maintained "as society becomes larger and more complex, there is a vast increase in the interdependence among its members as the labor needed to feed, house, educate, communicate with, transport, care for, and defend them becomes more complex" (in Kornblum, 1988:160). Durkheim argued that the increasing complexity was an advantage for any society because it gave the members of society more choice and, therefore, more freedom. Much of Durkheim's work centers on social organization. Social organization means, on one hand, that the individual has to give up a certain amount of individual freedom. On the other hand, people are not overly concerned about losing that freedom. By the time they are a part of an organization, organizations have socialized them to accept the
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Unformatted text preview: rules and goals of the organization as their own. Individuals ultimately offer a great amount of respect to organizations. People define themselves through the organizations to which they belong. . A Weberian Analysis of Bureaucracy Max Weber is renowned for his analysis of bureaucracies. He interprets the features that evolve within social structure as an attempt to make organizations more rational. Weber contends that as social structure becomes more complex, people turn away from policies based on tradition, customs, emotions, and personal values to policies based on efficiency and rationality. Rationalism Rationalism refers to the careful calculation of practical results. Capitalism encompasses the pursuit of maximum profit and the private ownership of property. Calculated rules and procedures characterize bureaucracies. Bureaucracies allow for more efficient decision making. They provide the means to organize and serve many people....
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