Quizzes + Final.pdf - The String Instrument Family Welcome...

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The String Instrument Family Welcome to the tour on the strings of the orchestra! I will serve as your guide through this exciting tour. I will show you four instruments of the string family: Violin Viola Violoncello Double Bass By the end of this tour, you will be able to: Identify historical facts and physical characteristics of the violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass. Identify the role and use of the violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass. Recognize the characteristic sounds of the violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass. Visually recognize the violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass. Violin How do you tell the difference between a violinist and a dog? The dog knows when to stop scratching. We begin our journey today by taking a closer look at the most important instrument of the string family: the violin. I have gathered some interesting facts about the violin that I am sure you will enjoy learning about. Let’s go inside of the Virtual Music Conservatory! Engaging the Past The development of the modern violin stems from early types of instruments available in Europe during the Middle Ages. Some historians even suggest that the origins of stringed instruments can be traced back to Asia many centuries before it appeared in Europe.
Semantic Issues In essence, the modern violin is one of the oldest stringed instruments. Presumably, the word violin derives from the Latin word vitula . Other sources claim that the word violin means small viola. Existing pre-Classical instruments hint the current look of the modern violin. Today’s quality instruments still follow the same traditions that luthiers or instrument makers followed in the old times. The Ancients The vielle and the rotta are two instruments that were commonly used in Europe during the 11th century. Throughout the 12th century, vielle makers continued changing the instrument appearance by cutting a shape similar to that of the violin. The fiddle was a stringed instrument used throughout the 14th century to accompany singing and dancing. The structure of the fiddle experienced changes that led to the conception of the gamba instrument family that include the ancestors of the violoncello and the double bass and the family of viols that include the ancestors of the viola and violin instruments. Body and Soul The violin is mostly made out of wood. The most commonly used woods for all the stringed instruments are: spruce, maple, poplar, ebony and rosewood. Putting the Pieces Together The following parts are considered to be the most important parts of any stringed instrument, including the violin. Fingerboard Bridge Tailpiece Soundpost F-holes Scroll
Cool Facts Because of its melodic character, the violin is considered to be the soprano voice of the string orchestra.

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