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Deviance Contributes to Social Change

Deviance Contributes to Social Change - those types of...

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Deviance Contributes to Social Change Deviance is an important element of social change because it offers alternative definitions to what is right. Sometimes the alternative becomes acceptable and it may even become the dominant view. Durkheim noted that the death of Socrates paved the way for intellectual freedom . Much of the civil and human rights legislation, as well as public sentiment, have been influenced by the behavior of those whose actions were originally judged to be in violation of the law or accepted moral convention. For civil rights, deviant behavior called attention to inadequacies in the existing system of race relations . Today's crime may be tomorrow's accepted behavior. Dysfunctional Deviance Functionalists (Goode, 1997:100-101) like to concern themselves with those forms of deviance that assist in maintaining the social order. Dysfunctional deviance would be
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Unformatted text preview: those types of deviance that threaten the social order. I suppose some forms of political deviance might be considered here. Control Theory Kendall (1998:193) suggests that one functionalist perspective raises the question, why don't people engage in more deviance than they do ? An assumption of Control Theory is that people have a strong desire to be deviant. Control theory assumes that people are hedonists. Henslin (2004:143) suggests that people often do not engage in deviance because they have outer containments emanating from a supportive family and friends. Significant others reinforce the idea that deviance is wrong. People also have inner containments such as self-control and a sense of responsibility that reduce deviance....
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