Exclusion of Minorities in Social Clubs

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Exclusion of Minorities in Social Clubs • A particularly insulting form of discrimination seemed finally to be on its way out in the late 1980s. Many social clubs had limitation forbidding membership to racial/ethnic minorities and women. For years, exclusive clubs argued that they were merely selecting friends, but in fact, a principal function of these clubs is as a forum to transact business. • Memberships are restrictive organizations remain perfectly legal. The rise to national attention as professional golfer Tiger Woods made the public aware that there were at least twenty-three golf courses he would be prohibited from playing by virtue of race. In 2002, women’s groups tried unsuccessfully to have the golf champion speak out as the Master’s and British Open played on courses closed to women as members. The Glass Ceiling • Discrimination persists for even the well-educated and those who come from the best family
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Unformatted text preview: backgrounds. As subordinate group members are able to compete successfully, they sometimes encounter attitudinal or organizational bias that prevents them from reaching their full potential. This barrier, referred to as the glass ceiling , blocks the promotion of a qualified worker because of minority membership. • There are numerous reasons for glass ceilings. Decision makers may be concerned that their clientele will not trust them if they have too many people of color or may worry that a talented woman could become overwhelmed with her duties as a mother and a wife and thus perform poorly in the workplace. The glass ceiling can also result from sex-, race-, and ethnicity-based stereotyping and harassment, unfair recruitment practices, and lack of family-friendly workplace policies....
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