Formal Organizations

Formal Organizations - 5 Promotion on the basis of merit...

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Formal Organizations Formal organization – a group deliberately created to achieve one or more long-term goal. Bureaucracies – formal organizations based on rationality and efficiency. They are very effective in industrial societies, but are frustrating because they do not take individuals wants or needs into account. Characteristics: 1. Division of labor based on the principle of specialization. People can become an expert in one small area within the bureaucracy. 2. A hierarchy of authority – people submit to authority because they believe it is legitimate. Pyramid in shape few people at the top, many at the bottom. 3. A system of rules and procedures – directs how work is to be done. They provide guidelines to follow and coordinates the activities of group members. 4. Written records of work and activities – provides a memory for the organization
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Unformatted text preview: 5. Promotion on the basis of merit and qualifications – people are treated equally and are promoted based on merit not favoritism. Informal Organizations – groups within the formal organization. Formed spontaneously within the group. Within the Bureaucracy groups form to meet the values and norms of that group – conformity is maintained through the use of sanctions. They develop because bureaucracies tend to be impersonal. Informal groups offer affection, support, humor, and protection. Iron law of Oligarchy – power becomes more and more concentrated in the hands of fewer members of any organization. Those that are in power want to remain in power, so they pass rules that make it easier for them to stay in power....
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