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Forms of Government - democracy is possible Totalitarian...

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Forms of Government Analysis of governmental form dates back to the days of Aristotle. Aristotle divided the forms of government into three groups. The first was tyranny (or the rule of a single individual. The second was the rule of oligarchy or the rule of the few. The third category was democracy or the rule of the people. Tyranny, Authoritarianism, and Totalitarianism Robertson (1989:334), while distinguishing between authoritarianism and totalitarianism, maintains that authoritarian types of governments tolerate little or no public opposition, but they will negotiate with other groups who may or may not support the existing government. Other groups may include business interests, religious interests, or class interests. Included in authoritarian type governments would be monarchies, dictatorships, or Juntas. Authoritarian governments also tend to be short lived. This means that the transition to
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Unformatted text preview: democracy is possible. Totalitarian governments are also authoritarian, but unlike authoritarian governments, totalitarian governments tolerate no opposition to their rule. In order to ensure total acquiescence of the population, totalitarian governments use modern techniques of indoctrination and surveillance of the population. The Nazi's as well as the governments of North Korea represent examples of totalitarian governments. These societies are characterized by elaborate ideologies that cover every phrase of the individuals life; a single political party; that is identical with the government, widespread use of intimidation; complete control of the mass media; monopoly control of weaponry and armed forces; and direction of the economy by the state bureaucracy (Robertson, 1989:334). Oligarchy The rule of a few. See Michels (1962)...
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