Health Care - By contrast life expectancy for African...

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Health Care • In 1996, a shocking study in a prestigious medical journal revealed that two-thirds of boys in Harlem, a predominantly Black neighborhood in New York City, can expect to die in young or mid-adulthood—that is, before they reach age 65. In fact, they have less chance to survive even to 45 than their white counterparts nationwide have of reaching 65. • Compared with Whites, Blacks have higher death rates from diseases of the heart, pneumonia, diabetes, and cancer. The death rate from strokes was twice as high among African Americans as it was among Whites. Such epidemiologic findings reflect in part the higher proportions of Blacks found among the nation’s lower classes. White Americans can expect to live 77.7 years.
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Unformatted text preview: By contrast, life expectancy for African Americans is only 72.4 years. • Blacks represent less than 7 percent of practicing physicians. This is especially significant given that communities with a high proportion of African American residents are four times more likely to have a physician shortage than are White neighborhoods. Applications by Blacks to medical schools declined beginning in 1997. There is also evidence of a declining presence of minorities among medical school faculty members, reflecting disenchantment with rolling back of affirmative action in many professional schools....
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