In - In-Group Vs. Out-Group The in-groups are the groups...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: In-Group Vs. Out-Group The in-groups are the groups which an individual feels loyalty toward. They provide a sense of identification or belonging. The out group is the group that has individual feels antagonism toward (Henslin, 1999:152). Cliques, Networks, and Networking . Cliques People don't usually communicate with all members of large groups. Cliques are small factions of close associates that operate within larger groups (Henslin, 1999:154). Social Networks The links between an individual and his or her cliques, family, close friends and other acquaintances make up an individual's social network (Henslin, 1999:154). Networking Sociologists refer to the conscious use or cultivation of networks as networking . Networking refers to using social networks to establish a circle of friends usually for career advancement (Henslin, 1999:155). Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft Under the topic of Urban Sociology, Toennies (in Appelbaum and Chambliss, 1997:406) contends that the overall approach that people use to communicate with one another has shifted from primary types relationships to secondary type relationships. Gemeinschaft Before the onslaught of industrialization and urbanization human relationships were characterized by Gemeinschaft. Life was carried out in rural communities. Relationships were intimate. Citizens in rural areas possessed a strong sense of family. Powerful folkways and mores kept people in line as did a strong sense of religious commitment. The Amish represent a Gemeinschaft community. ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online