Problems with Science - Problems with Science A Science as...

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Problems with Science A. Science as a Bias The scientific perspective might cause one to look for cause and effect type relationships. Researchers may assume relationships are cause and effect where, in fact, many actions undertaken by individuals, groups, etc. involve choice. Further, while one expects cause and effect to travel in one direction, it may actually travel in the opposite direction. Furthermore, what may appear to be a cause and effect relationship between two variables may be driven by a third variable. Example: Science as a Bias Science itself may play a role in how one interprets a given social phenomenon. Furthermore, it may influence the solutions for social problems. See: What is Hunger? What is the Hawthorne effect? (Researcher Effect) The researcher's impact on his or her subjects may affect the research results. In the study of Western Electric’s Hawthorne plant, researchers wanted to discover ways to improve the efficiency of female workers. The researchers manipulated light levels, pay scales, and other variables. To the
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