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Unformatted text preview: possession to have such a status. The beginning of rule by the United States quickly destroyed any hope that Puerto Ricans or Boricas , as Puerto Ricans call themselveshad for self-rule. All power was given to officials appointed by the president, and any act of the islands legislature could be overruled by Congress. English, previously unknown to the island, became the only language permitted in the school system. In 1917, the Jones Act awarded U.S. citizenship to all Puerto Ricans. In 1948, Puerto Ricans were finally permitted to elect their governor, and in 1952 the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico was created with a constitution that was approved by the U.S. Congress. Those living in Puerto Rico have no vote in national U.S. elections and no U.S. senators or House members; their only representative in Congress is a nonvoting commissioner....
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- Fall '10