Race and Ethnic Relation2

Race and Ethnic Relation2 - than a third. Mexican Americans...

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Race and Ethnic Relations Hispanic Americans • More than one in eight people in the U.S. population are of Spanish or Latin American origin. Collectively, this group is referred to as Hispanics or Latinos . The Census Bureau estimates that by the end of the year 2050, Hispanics will constitute about one-quarter of the U.S. population. Already Census 2000 showed 35.3 million Latinos, outnumbering the 34.7 million African Americans. • Some prevailing images of Hispanic settlements in the United States are no longer accurate. Latinos do not live in rural areas. They are generally urban dwellers: 86 percent live in metropolitan areas, in contrast to 73 percent of the general population. Some Hispanics have moved away from their traditional areas of settlement. In 1940, 88 percent of Puerto Ricans residing in the United States lived in New York City, but by the 2000 Census the proportion had dropped to less
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Unformatted text preview: than a third. Mexican Americans A large number of Mexicans became aliens in the United States without ever crossing any border. These people first became Mexican Americans with the conclusion of the Mexican-American War. In the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, 1848, Mexico acknowledged the annexation of Texas by the United States and ceded California and most of Arizona and New Mexico to the United States for $15 million. In exchange, the United States granted citizenship to the 75,000 Mexican nationals who remained on the annexed land after one year. With citizenship, the United States was to guarantee religious freedom, property rights, and cultural integritythat is, the right to continue Mexican and Spanish cultural traditions and to use the Spanish language....
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Race and Ethnic Relation2 - than a third. Mexican Americans...

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