Unformatted text preview: Therefore, total institutions have the ability to resocialize people either voluntarily or involuntarily. For example, the following would be considered as total institutions: prisons, the military, mental hospitals and convents (Schaefer & Lamm, 1992: 113). Goffman lists four characteristics of such institutions: 1. All aspects of life are conducted in the same place and under the same single authority. 2. Each phase of a members daily activity is carried out in the immediate company of others. All members are treated a like and all members do the same thing together. 3. Daily activities are tightly scheduled. All activity is superimposed upon the individual by a system of explicit formal rules. 4. A single rational plan exists to fulfill the goals of the institution....
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- Fall '10
- Sociology, Erving Goffman, total institutions, Schaefer & Lamm, radically different norms