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Resocializatio2 - Therefore total institutions have the...

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Resocialization Resocialization is the process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors. It refers to the process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of a transition in one's life. Resocialization occurs throughout the human life cycle (Schaefer & Lamm, 1992: 113). Resocialization can be intense with the individual experiencing a sharp break with past and the learning and exposure to radically different norms and values. An example would be the experience of a young man or woman leaving home to join the Marines. Radical resocialization occurs in a total institution. Total Institutions This term was coined in 1961 by Erving Goffman and was designed to describe a society which is generally cut off from the rest of society but yet still provides for all the needs of its members.
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Unformatted text preview: Therefore, total institutions have the ability to resocialize people either voluntarily or involuntarily. For example, the following would be considered as total institutions: prisons, the military, mental hospitals and convents (Schaefer & Lamm, 1992: 113). Goffman lists four characteristics of such institutions: 1. All aspects of life are conducted in the same place and under the same single authority. 2. Each phase of a members daily activity is carried out in the immediate company of others. All members are treated a like and all members do the same thing together. 3. Daily activities are tightly scheduled. All activity is superimposed upon the individual by a system of explicit formal rules. 4. A single rational plan exists to fulfill the goals of the institution....
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