Rousseau - Rousseau Robertson (1989:333) maintains that...

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Rousseau Robertson (1989:333) maintains that Rousseau criticized the state when he said "Man is born Free, yet everywhere he is in chains. " Rousseau contended that the state exists merely to protect the interests of the wealthy. Marx Marx's Communist Manifesto (1848 in Tucker, 1978) clarifies this point quite nicely. Marx calls the state "the executive committee of the ruling class ." It not only protects the interests of the ruling class, but also ensures that the ruling class will be able to enjoy the surplus wealth extracted from the backs of the people. For Marx, once a society is created (a communist one) where there was no stratification based upon property, the state would lose it reason for existing and wither away. (Actuality, Engels said this and rather than the entire state apparatus disappearing, only those aspects that control economic affairs for the rich will disappear.) Neo-Conflict Theories of the State Marx and Engels placed heavy emphasis on the character of class relations
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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