Unformatted text preview: espouse; real culture is the actual behavior patterns of a society. These two things often conflict. Ideal culture represents what a society strives for or wants to be. Section 5 – Cultural Diversity and Similarity All cultures experience change. Why? Discovery— the process of finding something that already exists. Invention – the creation of something new. Diffusion – the borrowing of aspects of culture from other cultures. Social Categories – Cultural diversity that occurs because groups share specific social characteristics. Certain behaviors are associated with certain ages, genders, religions, regions etc. Subculture – a part of the dominant culture, but they differ in some important respects. Ex. Immigrant communities, itinerant farmers. Counterculture – a subculture opposed to central beliefs of the dominant culture. Ex. Goth, hippies, prison, gang....
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- Fall '10
- Sociology, Material Culture, ideal culture, sociologist Robin Williams, Beliefs and Material Culture