Selection by the Victim - have great discretion when it...

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Selection by the Victim Two out of three crimes are never reported to the police . They victim makes a decision whether to report. Robertson (1989:127) contends there are two factors which determine whether or not a given offender moves to the next stage. 1. The seriousness of the offense. 2. The status of the offender. With reference to the seriousness of the offense, petty crimes and white-collar crimes seldom come to the attention of the police. The social status of the offender has great impact on who the police arrest and who ultimately goes to jail . Most Juveniles in the arrest statistics are lower-class males. This does not mean that lower-class males commit the most crimes. They are simply the ones arrested. Selection by the Police The police do not arrest everyone they encounter in an illegal act. The police, in fact,
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Unformatted text preview: have great discretion when it comes to whether to arrest or not. Police tend to arrest people from the lower class because they perceive them as bad characters. Who Do the Police Ticket? Piliavan and Brair (1964) road with police in a West Coast town. They point out that the police encounter many minor violations of the law. Those violators with bad character were the ones arrested. Race, dress and demeanor were important determinants. The police arrested 2/3's of those individuals who were defiant, nonchalant, and uncooperative. On the other hand, when the individuals stopped were polite and cooperative, only 5 percent of those encountered lead to arrests....
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