Sociobiology - or vocabulary Section three – Norms and...

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Sociobiology – the study of the biological basis of human behavior. Darwinism can be applied to social function – we have adapted ideas and customs which make our life better, and left worse ones behind. Both humans and animals act on knowledge. Critics contend that human culture is far too complex for it to have simply evolved – use of language makes change easier to communicate. Section two – Language and Culture Culture must be transmitted to each new generation – the easiest way to do this is with language Symbols – things that represent other things. (clapping, whistling, peace, etc) Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis – our perceptions of the world depend on the language we have learned. Since languages differ, perceptions differ as well. What is important to us, what do we have lots of words for? People can begin to view the world differently as they learn a new language
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Unformatted text preview: or vocabulary Section three – Norms and Values Norms – rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior. 3 basic types: 1.) Folkways – rules that cover customary ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving, but lack moral overtones are called folkways. Ex. Removing hat for anthem, styles of clothing. There is little punishment for violating them. 2.) Mores – Mores are norms with high moral significance, conforming brings social approval, violating brings strong disapproval. Ex. People should work, we don’t swear in church. Taboos – mores so strong that violation requires punishment by the group. Ex. Incest is a universal taboo 3.) Laws – norms that are formally defined and enforced by officials. They are consciously created unlike folkways or mores. Mores and folkways sometimes change faster than laws do. (Blue laws)...
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