Sociological Perspectives of Urbanization

Sociological - Sociological Perspectives of Urbanization 1 The Structural-functionalist perspective views the development of urban areas as

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Sociological Perspectives of Urbanization 1) The Structural-functionalist perspective views the development of urban areas as functional for societal development. Although cities initially functioned as centers of production and distribution, today they are centers of finance, administration, education, and information. - The expansion of urban areas, although functional, also leads to increased rates of anomie , or normlessness, as the bonds between individuals and social groups weaken. While in rural areas social cohesion is based on shared values and beliefs, in urban areas social cohesion is a consequence of specialization and urbanization spurred by increased social diversity. Thus, urbanization leads to higher rates of deviant behavior (including crime, drug addiction, and alcoholism). Functionalists argue that these increased rates are an indication of social disorganization of the area. The functionalist perspective also examines other dysfunctions of urbanization, including overcrowding, poverty, and environmental destruction. 2) The
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Sociological - Sociological Perspectives of Urbanization 1 The Structural-functionalist perspective views the development of urban areas as

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