Sociological Perspectives

Sociological Perspectives - poor). b) The Chicago School:...

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Sociological Perspectives 1) The Structural-Functional Paradigm - Structural-functionalism views society as a complex system of interrelated parts that work together to maintain social order and stability - Sociologists use the term social institutions to describe the major spheres of social life, or societal subsystems, that are organized to meet basic human needs a) Early Functionalist Thought: Problems as Social Pathology - The social pathology approach examined social problems in terms of a “medical model” that was applied to society as though it was a living organism. Functionalists saw society as good and healthy, and they assumed that social pathologies stemmed from deficient people (e.g., Herbert Spencer’s view of the
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Unformatted text preview: poor). b) The Chicago School: Problems as Disorganization- Social disorganization theory holds that social problems arise when rapid change overwhelms societys institutions (e.g., the rapid economic and urban expansion associated with the Industrial Revolution disrupted established social patterns) c) More Recent Functionalism: Problems as Dysfunctions- Many contemporary sociologists have changed their emphasis from the activism associated with the Chicago School to scientific analysis. These sociologists distinguish functions (or eufunctions) from dysfunctions....
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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