Stereotypes of Inferiority in Intelligence

Stereotypes of Inferiority in Intelligence - Stereotypes of...

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Unformatted text preview: Stereotypes of Inferiority in Intelligence • In the first three decades of the twentieth century, Anglo-Protestant stereotypes of southern and eastern European immigrants’ intellectual inferiority were based in part on misreadings of the results of the new psychological tests that were often inaccurately labeled intelligence (IQ) tests. These tests measure only selected, learned verbal and quantitative skills rather than a broad or basic intelligence. • In 1912 the American analyst Henry Goddard gave Alfred Binet’s diagnostic test and related tests to a large number of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. His data supposedly showed that 83 percent of Jewish and 79 percent of Italian immigrants were “feeble-minded,” a category naively defined in terms of low scores on the new English language tests. • During World War I prominent U.S. psychologists developed verbal and performance tests for large scale testing of wartime draftees. Although the results were not used for military purposes, large scale testing of wartime draftees....
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