The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement - The Civil Rights Movement For...

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The Civil Rights Movement • For the majority of Black schoolchildren, public school education meant attending segregated schools. Southern school districts assigned children to school by race rather than by neighborhood, a practice that constituted de jure segregation. In one case, seven-year-old Linda Brown was not permitted to enroll in the grade school four blocks from her home in Topeka, Kansas; rather, school board policy dictated that she attend the Black school almost 2 miles away. This denial led the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund to bring suit on behalf of Linda Brown and twelve other black children. The NAACP argued that the Fourteenth Amendment was intended to rule out segregation in public schools. • In the Supreme Court case of Linda Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas , Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote the unanimous opinion that “in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently
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