Unformatted text preview: 2) Is the relationship between the importance of a position and its rewards as straightforward as the theory suggests? 3) Why isn’t society a meritocracy? That is, why are many positions not awarded on the basis of merit? 4) Is inequality actually functional for society?- Herbert Gans argues that inequality exists because people benefit from it; inequality performs a number of functions: 1) The poor are willing to perform unpleasant tasks 2) They are willing to purchase things that no one else wants 3) They remind others that it is important to work hard 4) They serve as scapegoats for many of our social problems 5) They create work for the rest of us (e.g., social workers, pawn shop owners, less qualified doctors and lawyers)...
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- Fall '10