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Theories of Prejudice and Discrimination

Theories of Prejudice and Discrimination - at risk because...

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Theories of Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice – widely held preconceptions of a group and its individual members. They are based on generalizations based upon insufficient information, and are based on strong emotions so they are difficult to change. Racism – extreme prejudice. It assumes that a person’s own race or ethnic group is superior. Discrimination – acting upon one’s prejudices by treating people unfairly. Hate Crimes – Criminal acts that are motivated by extreme prejudice. Stereotypes – a set of ideas – based on distortion, exaggeration, and oversimplification – that is applied to all members of a group. They are used to justify unfair actions against a specific group. Functionalist Perspective – when minorities are exploited, the social, political, educational, and economic costs to society are extremely high. Additionally, the safety and stability of society are
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Unformatted text preview: at risk, because violence periodically erupts between the two groups. Conflict Perspective – majorities use prejudice and discrimination as weapons of power to control a minority. The majority does this to increase its control over property, goods, and other resources. Different minority groups tend to view one another as competitors rather than as allies against the majority. Symbolic Interactionist Perspective – members of a society learn to be prejudiced. Two stages in learning prejudice: Pregeneralized learning period – children overhear parents make racist or prejudiced statements. Total rejection stage – children are able to use physical clues to sort people into groups. Self-fulfilling prophecy – an expectation that leads to behavior that then causes the expectation to become a reality....
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