VII - of populations into and out of the transitional...

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VII. Social Disorganization and the Chicago School In the early and mid-1900s the Chicago school emerged and shifted the emphasis away from individual pathology to social structure. It represented an attempt to uncover the complex relationship between deviance and neighborhood . The Chicago School discovered the highest rates of deviance in neighborhoods that were considered transitional in that there was a lot of in-0 and out-migration . According to the Chicago perspective, entire neighborhoods had become disorganized. The transitional neighborhood where one would expect to find deviance according to the Chicago school has the following characteristics: 1. They are neighborhoods where immigrants first came. 2. The population is geographically unstably. There is rapid movement
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Unformatted text preview: of populations into and out of the transitional neighborhood . 3. The transitional neighborhoods contain a variety of racial and ethnic groups . 4. Population density is very high . 5. Poverty 6. Low levels of education . Gangs and the transitional neighborhood Frederick Thrasher found a greater number of gangs in transitional neighborhoods than in more stable neighborhoods. He noted that the gang is a social creation. The gang is the way people organize themselves to cope with disorganized neighborhoods. The gang functions in two ways. First, it offers a substitute for what society fails to give. Second, it provides relief from suppression and distasteful living conditions. In this respect the gang fills a gap and affords an escape at the same time....
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