Cytoplasm - detached from the mRNA. Several ribosomes may...

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Cytoplasm Cytoplasm is the material enclosed by the plasma membrane, excluding the nucleus. Ribosomes Ribosomes read the code in mRNA and synthesize protein accordingly. The symbols to the left are used in the drawings of protein synthesis below. The ribosome attaches to the mRNA. As ribosomes move along messenger RNA (mRNA), the amino acids are added to a growing chain to form a particular protein. In these drawings, the ribosome moves from left to right.
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In this drawing, the protein is nearly complete. When the ribosome reaches the end of the genetic message, it will become
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Unformatted text preview: detached from the mRNA. Several ribosomes may be attached to a strand of mRNA forming a unit called a polysome. A ribosome is composed of 2 subunits. In eukaryotic cells, the subunits are synthesized in the nucleolus and move into the cytoplasm. During the process of protein synthesis, two subunits will come together along with mRNA. . Ribosomes are composed of both RNA (called ribosomal RNA or rRNA) and protein . Ribosomes in eukaryotes about 1/3 larger than those in prokaryotes....
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course BIOLOGY bi 101 taught by Professor - during the Fall '10 term at Montgomery.

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Cytoplasm - detached from the mRNA. Several ribosomes may...

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