Summary - Aerobic respiration occurs when oxygen is...

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Summary Glycolysis Two ATP molecules are used to phosphorylate and activate glucose . Two hydrogen atoms are removed by NAD + forming 2 NADH. Four ATP molecules are produced by substrate-level phosphorylation . The net yield of ATP is two; two are used and four are produced. Fermentation Fermentation is needed to regenerate NAD + from NADH so that at least some ATP can be made in glycolysis. Electrons from NADH are added to pyruvate ( reduction ) to produce alcohol (plants, yeast) or lactate (animals, bacteria) Aerobic Respiration
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Unformatted text preview: Aerobic respiration occurs when oxygen is available. pyruvate CO 2 + H 2 O It occurs in the mitochondrion . NAD + and FAD carry electrons to the electron transport system. In the electron transport system, NADH and FADH 2 are used to produce ATP as electrons are passed from one carrier to another. Eventually the electrons combine with hydrogen ions and oxygen ( reduction ) to form water . Click the icon (left) to see an enlarged, color version of the diagram...
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Summary - Aerobic respiration occurs when oxygen is...

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