A Shorthand Method for Drawing Covalent Bonds

A Shorthand Method for Drawing Covalent Bonds - The number...

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A Shorthand Method for Drawing Covalent Bonds Straight lines can be used to represent a covalent bond between two atoms. A single line is used to represent a single bond, two lines are used to represent a double bond and three lines represent a triple bond. Some single, double, and triple bonds are shown below. Valence and Valence Electrons Valence electrons are those in the outer shell (valence shell).
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Unformatted text preview: The number of bonds that an atom can form is determined by the number of electrons in its valence shell. This number is often called its valence. Hydrogen forms 1 bond, oxygen forms 2 bonds, and carbon forms four. Some elements may form different numbers of bonds. For example, phosphorous may form 3 bonds with some atoms but 5 with others....
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