MIT4_651F10_lec02

MIT4_651F10_lec02 - MI77 4.65 1 ART S INCE 1940 L ECTUR E N...

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MI77 4.65 1 ART SINCE 1940 L ECTURE NOTES http:/~ocw.mit.edd0~~Web/Architecture/4-65120th-Cenhlry-ArtFa112002/Co~~~eHome/inde~.ht W eek 2 - Formalizin~ the Unconscious: Surrealism I. Roots and Routes of Surrealism: out of the "Unconscious" key decade: 1930s A) Surrealism emerges after WW1 1) in wake of Dadaism (Euro-American, 19 18-1920s) 2) formally organized under Int'1 Surrealist Manifesto (Breton), 1924 3) early influences: Picasso, Duchamp (Freud, Jung) B) Exiled by fascism: 1) Andri: Masson (French, to NY 1940) 2) Roberto Matta y Echaurren, "Matta" (Chilean, 1939) 3) Y ves Tanguy (French, to in 30s) 4) Max Ernst (German, to France in '20s, then to MY in 1941) II. Formal Issues in Surrealism, continuities with postwar at Two types of Surrealism (formal characteristics, not named as such) - L andscape/ dreamscape (Matta, Tanguy, Dali) vefsus - Automatism (autornatiswze)and "all-over" painting (Masson, Mirb) B) In background (literally): the Cubist Grid Cubism's key years were: - 19 10- 1 9 11 for Analytic Cubism, largeIy monochrome and characterized by an implied grid
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MIT4_651F10_lec02 - MI77 4.65 1 ART S INCE 1940 L ECTUR E N...

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