MIT4_651F10_lec03

MIT4_651F10_lec03 - M IT 4.651. A R T S I NC E 1940 L E CT...

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MIT 4.651. ART SI NC E 1940 L ECTURE NOTES 212: '" am Nature:" Hofmann (and other precursors), Pollock, K rasner OUTL INE key decade: 1940 I. Transformers A) John Graham (b. Ivan Dabrowsky, Kiev, 188 1) to NY 1920 System and Dialectics ofdrt published 1 93 7 B) Arshile Gorky Vosdanig Adoian, Armenia, 1904) to 1925 Breton, "pope'kf Surrealism, deemed Gorky to be the first Surrealist to go back to nature, "treating her as a cryptogram, [revealing] the very rhythm of life ..." C) Hans Hohann Saxony Germany 1880, d. 1966) to NY 1932 1. Not interested in Surrealism 2. Acted as bridge to European modernism (Cubism + Expressionism) 3. Important teacher, especially in the years 2938-45 when he influenced Pollock and the critic Clement Greenberg II. Jackson Pollock @. Cody, WY 1912, died a probable suicide 1956) A. Avowed influences (Mexicans, Benton, Native American sand painters); unavowed influences (John Graham, jazz, Matta, Herbert Matter, critic Clement Greenberg) B. Formal achievements, process 1. 1930s: Primitivism 2. 1943 synthesis of Cubist grid and Expressionist gesture 3. 1947 "breakthr~ugh" drip style
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MIT4_651F10_lec03 - M IT 4.651. A R T S I NC E 1940 L E CT...

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