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MIT4_651F10_lec16

MIT4_651F10_lec16 - MIT 4.651 ART SINCE 1940 LECTURE NOTES...

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MIT 4.651 ART SINCE 1940 LECTURE NOTES Week 9, Lecture 1 6 : International Pop Caroline A. Jones key decade: late 1950s, early 1960s terms: Independent Group, Capitalist Realism, I. Nouveaux Realistes (we’ve met them before) – Paris, late fifties through 1960s A) Arman B) Yves Klein C) an Italian “correspondent,” Piero Manzoni —> Arte Povera (1970s) Europe in general would be critical of U.S. driven consumerism. Not so Great Britain, remapping its lost empire on American dreams. II. The Independent Group – London, ca.1952 - 1960 A) Eduardo Paolozzi (b. 1924 Edinburgh, Italian parents) B) Richard Hamilton (b. 1922 London) C) John McHale, Nigel Henderson; other members include critic Lawrence Alloway, who coined the term “Pop Art,” architects Peter & Alison Smithson, architecture critics and historians Theo Crosby and Reyner Banham, etc. D) Exhibition “This is Tomorrow,” 1956: see website: http://www.thisistomorrow2.com/pages_gb/1956gb.html III. “Capitalist Realism” – Dusseldorf, ca. 1963, with Richter’s “Leben mit Pop” (w/ Konrad Lueg) A. Gerhard Richter (b. 1932 Dresden, East Germany)
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