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From: <Saved by Windows Internet Explorer 7> Subject: On War -- Ch 1 Date: Tue, 19 Feb 2008 16:40:57 -0500 MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/related; type="text/html"; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_0000_01C87316.339FBB00" X-MimeOLE: Produced By Microsoft MimeOLE V6.00.2900.3198 This is a multi-part message in MIME format. ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C87316.339FBB00 Content-Type: text/html; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/clausewitz/works/on- war/book1/ch01.htm <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" = "http://www.w3c.org/TR/1999/REC-html401-19991224/loose.dtd"> <HTML lang=3Den xml:lang=3D"en" = xmlns=3D"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><HEAD><TITLE>On War -- Ch = 1</TITLE> <META http-equiv=3Dcontent-type content=3D"text/html; = charset=3Diso-8859-1"> <META content=3D"Carl Von Clausewitz" name=3Dauthor><LINK=20 href=3D"http://www.marxists.org/css/works-brown.css" type=3Dtext/css = rel=3Dstylesheet> <META content=3D"MSHTML 6.00.6000.16608" name=3DGENERATOR></HEAD> <BODY> <P class=3Dtitle>On War<BR>Clausewitz (1827) </P> <H4>Book I. On the Nature of War</H4><A name=3D01></A> <H3>Chapter I. What is War?</H3> <HR> <H6>1. Introduction.</H6> <P class=3Dfst>We propose to consider first the single elements of our = subject,=20 then each branch or part, and, last of all, the whole, in all its = relations =96=20 therefore to advance from the simple to the complex. But it is necessary = for us=20 to commence with a glance at the nature of the whole, because it is = particularly=20 necessary that in the consideration of any of the parts their relation = to the=20 whole should be kept constantly in view. </P> <H6>2. Definition.</H6> <P>We shall not enter into any of the abstruse definitions of War used = by=20 publicists. We shall keep to the element of the thing itself, to a duel. = War is=20 nothing but a duel on an extensive scale. If we would conceive as a unit = the=20 countless number of duels which make up a War, we shall do so best by = supposing=20 to ourselves two wrestlers. Each strives by physical force to compel the = other=20 to submit to his will: each endeavours to throw his adversary, and thus = render=20 him incapable of further resistance. </P> <P><EM>War therefore is an act of violence intended to compel our = opponent to=20 fulfil our will.</EM> </P>
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<P>Violence arms itself with the inventions of Art and Science in order = to=20 contend against violence. Self- imposed restrictions, almost = imperceptible and=20 hardly worth mentioning, termed usages of International Law, accompany = it=20 without essentially impairing its power. Violence, that is to say, = physical=20 force (for there is no moral force without the conception of States and = Law), is=20 therefore the <EM>means</EM>; the compulsory submission of the enemy to = our will=20 is the ultimate object. In order to attain this object fully, the enemy = must be=20 disarmed, and disarmament becomes therefore the immediate =
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