ch13_Personality - Personality Personality Psychology 1001...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Personality Psychology 1001 10/10/11 10/10/11 introduction introduction Up Up to this point we have talked about similarities similarities Personality deals with individuality Where does it come from? Lots of ideas Lots of ways to study differences 10/10/11 Freud’s Psychoanalysis Freud’s Big influence in earlier years Not as big today MD Lotsa people were sick, but he could no Lotsa diagnose them with traditional methods diagnose Studied hypnosis Developed free association 10/10/11 Free Association Free Supposedly, it leads to the unconscious Stuff we aren’t aware of Memories Thoughts Desires Some things are temporarily in some sort Some of preconscious areas of Also from dreams, slips of the tongue etc 10/10/11 Personality development according so Siggy so Our Our personality arises from struggles between pleasures and restrictions between Satisfaction without punishment There are three subsystems that make There sure that we accomplish this sure 10/10/11 The three systems The Id Unconscious nasty psychic energy Operates on the pleasure principle Ego Gratify id in a reasonable way Reality principle Superego Our conscience Sort of the arch enemy of the id 10/10/11 Development Development According According to Freud we go through a series of psychosexual stages where the id focuses on different erogenous zones, this forms our personality forms Oral stage, first 18 months Anal stage, 18 months – 3 years Phallic stage 3-6 years 10/10/11 Icky stuff Icky During During the phallic stage we go though the Oedipus complex Oedipus Resolved through identification Girls have penis envy….. Latency until puberty Genital stage Is mature sexuality We fixate on stages with unresolved We conflicts conflicts 10/10/11 Defense mechanisms Defense We use these to get though daily life Repression Regression Reaction formation Projection Rationalization Displacement All are unconscious 10/10/11 Freud was whacked Freud There were dissenters Erikson Jung Get at unconscious with the Rorschach Get test or the TAT test These tests are about as reliable as the These farmer’s almanac… farmer’s 10/10/11 So, what do modern psychologists think of this crap, err, this theory think Dreams? Repression Unconscious Early development vs. life long change? Biggest problem is that it is all post hoc No prediction NOT A SCIENTIFIC THEORY 10/10/11 Trait perspective Trait Maybe, Maybe, instead of worrying about the unconscious, we could worry about the conscious? conscious? Could try classifying Could people people Doesn’t Doesn’t well well work all that Describing? Eysenck’s 10/10/11 ideas The Big 5 The Emotional stability Extroversion Openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness There may be more, but you get the idea Assessed with questionnaires 10/10/11 Personality inventories Personality MMPI Empirically driven Make predictions Objective vs. projective tests You can catch a cheater Are people consistent? Situation important too Epstein (1983) Overall style vs. given behaviour 10/10/11 Humanistic approach Humanistic Sort of holistic Mazlow Self-actualization Fulfilling our potential Mazlow Mazlow studied the successful successful Self-accepting Courage Courage different different 10/10/11 to be Carl Rogers Carl Hi Hi views were pretty similar similar “People are generally People good” good” Need to be in a Need growth promoting environment environment Genuineness Acceptance empathy 10/10/11 Humanism Humanism Unconditional positive regard Self concept, positive or negative, is Self valued valued How do you measure this stuff? Questionnaires? Interviews? Self-esteem 10/10/11 has been looked at quite a bit Self-esteem Self-esteem Feelings of self worth Higher self esteem, better day to day life Happier Less drug use Sleep better Less of those, more likely to be depressed Maybe goes in the other direction? 10/10/11 Esteem Esteem Not only in one direction Make someone feel lousy, they are more likely Make to act like a jerk to Minorities don’t have lower self esteem Most people have pretty high self esteem Self serving bias Not that surprising, but don’t push it to the Not delusional delusional Pretty Western-centric 10/10/11 Humanism is another ism Humanism Very influential ideas Self esteem, self worth a big ides, Self important in education But…. Vague Self actualization = self indulgence? People probably are NOT basically good 10/10/11 Social Cognitive Perspective Social Importance Importance of the effect of external events on our behaviour on Reciprocal Reciprocal determinism determinism Locus of control Locus is another big issue issue 10/10/11 Overt Behaviour Personal Factors Environment Social cognition Social Learned Learned helplessness is the ultimate in external LOC external Past behaviour predicts future behaviour Biggest criticism is that traits are ignored 10/10/11 conclusions conclusions People are consistent Can be measured Freud was nuts Situation plays a role too 10/10/11 ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course PSY 110 taught by Professor Def during the Summer '11 term at Laurentian.

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