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Differences Between Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes

Differences Between Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes - all other...

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Differences Between Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes Bacteria (and archaea which are seldomly mentioned) are prokaryotes. The term prokaryotes is derived from pro (before) and karya (nucleus): before-nucleus = pro-karya = prokaryote. This is because it is thought that bacteria are still very similar to their primitive ancestors which did not have a nucleus. So- bacteria (prokaryotes) do not have a nucleus, while all eukaryotic cells do have a nucleus (this is a popular question for exams- and a common mistake). Bacteria also lack
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Unformatted text preview: all other membrane bound organelles. Bacteria do not have: organelles nucleus mitochondria endoplasmic reticulum golgi appartus chloroplast lysosomes Bacteria do have: ribosomes cell membrane cell wall (which eukaryotes don't have) Its also important to remember that while bacteria don't have a nucleus they definitely still have DNA organized in a chromosome that is transcribed to mRNA and then translated to protein on a ribosome....
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