Disaccharides - Disaccharides: These carbohydrates contain...

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Disaccharides: These carbohydrates contain two monosaccharides linked together and accordingly they are known as: (a) Disaccharide : contains two monosaccharides e.g. lactose, maltose, sucrose Maltose Glucose + Glucose Sucrose Glucose + Fructose Lactose Glucose + Galactose (b) trisaccharide: containing 3 monosaccharides. e.g. raffinose (c) tetrasaccharide: containing 4 monosaccharide e.g stachyose Polysaccharides General formula n (C 6 H 10 O 5 ). These complex carbohydrates are formed by chains of at least ten monosaccharides. They are of two types: (a) Homoglycans : containing only one type of monosaccharide (e.g. glycogen, starch, cellulose, contain only glucose molecules). Starch is a very important polysaccharide because it is formed through a chain of hundreds or thousands of glucose units. Carbohydrates in plants are stored in the form of starches. Starch contained in energy rich food like rice, corn, and potatoes form part of the staple diet of most people.
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course BIOLOGY bi 101 taught by Professor - during the Fall '10 term at Montgomery.

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Disaccharides - Disaccharides: These carbohydrates contain...

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