Organic Compounds - to O is 2:1 as in a water molecule(H 2...

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Organic Compounds Many chemical compounds in living organisms are known as organic compounds' which contain C,H and O. In the earlier chapter we have seen that an organism is formed primarily from six elements: C, H, O, N, P, Ca. The study of organic compounds is called organic chemistry . (A) Carbohydrates There are plenty of organic compounds present in nature. All living things contain basically four types of organic compounds.Carbohydrates form the first category of organic compounds. For metabolism the organism requires energy . This energy is provided primarily by carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are basically composed of 3 elements, C, H, and O. The ratio of H
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Unformatted text preview: to O is 2:1, as in a water molecule (H 2 O). There are types of carbohydrates according to the complexity of the carbohydrate molecule. Carbohydrates and usually taste sweet to humans are referred to as sugar. If a carbohydrate is made up from a single molecule it is called monosaccharide . When the carbohydrate is made up of 2 sugar molecules linked together it is referred to as a adisaccharide Carbohydrates which have more than 3 molecules are called polysaccharides . The general formula to represent the carbohydrate is Cx(H 2 O)y....
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