Anatomy Intro - ANATOMY ANATOMY ANATOMY WHAT IS IT I HUMAN ANATOMY the study of the structure of the human body(ana-upward or backward-tome to cut

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ANATOMY ANATOMY ANATOMY – WHAT IS IT? I. HUMAN ANATOMY - the study of the structure of the human body (ana-upward or backward; -tome, to cut) A. Gross - Macroscopic (what we see) B. Histology – tissues C. Cytology – cells Microscopic Anatomy
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WHY STUDY ANATOMY? WHY STUDY ANATOMY? THE JOURNAL OF BONE & JOINT SURGERY · JBJS.ORG VOLUME 87-A · NUMBER 2 · FEBRUARY 2005
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WHY STUDY ANATOMY? WHY STUDY ANATOMY? J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2007;30:44-49
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ANATOMY ANATOMY A. Gross - Macroscopic (what we see)
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ANATOMY ANATOMY B. Histology – examines tissues (groups of cells that perform specialized functions)
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ANATOMY ANATOMY C. Cytology – examines internal structure of cells
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4 Major Types of Tissues: 4 Major Types of Tissues: Epithelial Connective Nervous Muscular
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WHY STUDY ANATOMY? WHY STUDY ANATOMY? Anatomy forms the basis for the practice of professional health care (e.g.,chiropractic, medicine), physical training (e.g., certified strength and conditioning specialist) and understanding movement Anatomy is important in any aspect of patient or client care
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FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY VS. ANATOMY? FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY VS. ANATOMY? Observation and visualization are key techniques to learn anatomy (much more than memorization) Knowing how the back muscles work (e.g. functional) to aid in postural control and stability is very different from being able to recite the names of individual muscles and nerves
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APPROACHES TO STUDY ANATOMY APPROACHES TO STUDY ANATOMY regional approach – focus attention on specific part (head), region (face) or subregion (orbit) in which all aspects of that region are studied at once (joints, muscles etc.) At other times we will use more of a systemic approach that emphasizes the entire system, studied throughout the body (e.g., skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system)
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FOCUS OF THIS CLASS FOCUS OF THIS CLASS SKELETAL SYSTEM (passive) – bones and cartilage; provides shape, support, allows for motion MUSCULAR SYSTEM (active) – muscles that move or position parts of the body NERVOUS SYSTEM (control) - central and peripheral nervous systems; “the nervous system is the master system that controls and co-ordinates the activities of all other systems”
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ANATOMICAL POSITION ANATOMICAL POSITION standing erect with feet and palms of hand facing forward
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course KNH 244L taught by Professor Omolewu during the Spring '10 term at Miami University.

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Anatomy Intro - ANATOMY ANATOMY ANATOMY WHAT IS IT I HUMAN ANATOMY the study of the structure of the human body(ana-upward or backward-tome to cut

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