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Presentation - BRAZIL TiffanyHott KelseyDauw LeighVolpi...

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BRAZIL Tiffany Hott  Kelsey Dauw  Leigh Volpi
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Brazil According to the 2000 Brazilian  Census, it was estimated that about  5,750,890  Brazilians had some sort of  hearing disability. --No strong tools to assess deafness --Lack of access to accommodations Population of Brazil  (2009)193,733,795 Most populated country in South  America 
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First Deaf School in Brazil The first school for the Deaf in Brazil was founded by  Frenchman M. Hernest Huet in 1855. The school was named the National Institute for the Deaf  and Dumb in Rio de Janeiro. The population of the school remained small until it  began accepting students from other states in South  America.
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Early History of Deaf Schools Following the Congress of Milan in 1880, Oralism  became the only method used in Brazilian schools to  educate the Deaf people. Under this method, many Deaf students spent most of  their school years in primary school. They were not able to the reading and writing skills  necessary to move on to higher grades.
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Total Communication and  Bilingualism After the 1970s and until the 1990s, the Total  Communication method replaced the oral method in  Brazilian schools.  TC is a mixture of sign language, finger spelling, lip  reading, and speech therapy. Finally, in the 1990s, Brazilian schools began teaching  through Bilingualism.
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