2010W_ Assig_6

2010W_ Assig_6 - Score: _ out of 9 (= 18 points 2)...

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Score: _____ out of 9 (= 18 points ÷ 2) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 6 Name: Michael Short TA: Ward Section:1B 1. (4 points) Here are some things that Gretchen said at two periods when she was acquiring English as a young child. The left hand column shows what she said using normal spelling of the English words. The middle column shows her actual pronunciation for the utterances that I bothered to write down phonetically: A BOUT 1 YEAR , 9 MONTHS English “spelling” Phonetic (when noted) Intended meaning Take out. All clean. Squeezing her. [aw kin] [gizi hʌ] ‘Take them out.’ (pegs in a pounding board) ‘It’s all clean.’ ‘I’m squeezing her.’ A BOUT 1 YEAR , 11 MONTHS TO 2 YEARS , 2 MONTHS English “spelling” Phonetic (when noted) Intended meaning Give me um. Falling all over place. Gretchen go take a little bath. [fawɪn aw ova pes] [gɛtsʌn go tek ʌ nɪw bæs] ‘Give them to me.’ ‘They’re falling all over the place.’ ‘I’m going to go take a little bath.’ 1 (a) Which universal stage of language acquisition could we claim Gretchen has reached in each of the data sets above? First set : Two-Word Stage Second set : Telegraphic speech stage (b) FOR THE FIRST DATA SET , give two ways in which Gretchen’s sentences resemble adult speech. You may cite features either of sentence form (e.g. “she uses Subject-Verb word order in the sentence [cite example]”) or of the expression of meaning relationships (e.g. “she shows the action + location meaning relation in her sentence [cite example]”). First resemblance : The first resemblance comes from her showing both action+ affected. “Squeezing her” Second resemblance : The second resemblance comes from her using verb-object word order. “Squeezing her” 1 At this stage, Gretchen referred to herself by her name.
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Linguistics 1, Assignment 6, p. 2 (c) FOR THE SECOND DATA SET , give two ways in which the STRUCTURE of Gretchen’s sentences differs from adult speech. You may cite SPECIFIC omissions , word order differences , or word substitutions . Ignore differences in pronunciation. ANSWER ON THE TOP OF THE NEXT PAGE . First difference : The first difference comes from her emitting the determiner “the” in her sentence, “falling all over the place” Second difference : The second difference comes from her speaking in third person rather than first person when she says Gretchen instead of I in the sentence, “Gretchen go take a little bath” 2. (4 points) At about 2 years, Gretchen’s pronunciation of certain sounds differed from that of the adults around her. The INITIAL SOUNDS in the words in the two columns below represent two such differences. Group 1
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2010W_ Assig_6 - Score: _ out of 9 (= 18 points 2)...

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