Michael Short Ling Week 6 hw-1

Michael Short Ling Week 6 hw-1 - Linguistics 1 Assignment 5...

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Linguistics 1, Assignment 5, p. 1 Score: _____ out of 9 (= 27 points ÷ 3) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 5 Name: Michael Short TA: Ward Section: 1B 1. (3 points) Below are two maps, one showing how Roman soldiers were pronouncing the words for ‘two’, ‘three’, ‘four’ in various parts of the Roman Empire in about 100 B.C. and the other showing how those words are pronounced by people living in the same regions today. 100 B.C. 2010 A.D. YOUR TASK : (a) Find a sentence or part of a sentence in Pinker, pp. 248-249, that accounts for the linguistic UNITY OF L ATIN in the Roman period but the DIVERSITY OF THE MODERN R OMANCE LANGUAGES ; (b) state very briefly ( ONE OR TWO SENTENCES AT MOST !) how Pinker’s more general account applies to the specific case of Latin and the Romance languages. (Answer in the box at the top of the next page.) (a) “Because of this overall conservatism, some patterns of vocabulary, sound and grammar survive for millennia. They serve as the fossilized tracks of mass migrations in the remote past, clues to how human beings spread out over the earth to end up where we find them today”
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Linguistics 1, Assignment 5, p. 2 (b) Pinker’s account applies to the specific case of Latin languages due to the fact that in Roman times as seen on the map, Roman soldiers spoke strictly Latin, then years later we see that all the languages spoken in these areas now many of which are the Romance languages, take much of their roots from the Latin language spoken by the soldiers hundreds of years before. This shows the transformation of language over time, while still maintaining some deep roots of its old language. 2. (6 points) Learned vs. innate features of language. Below are some linguistic features of Korean. Check the LEARNED box or the INNATE box depending on whether the feature is something a child born in a Korean-speaking community would have to learn from listening to other Korean speakers or would already “know” because of an innate language instinct. * NOTE : Each feature is characterized by a general statement followed by an example. YOUR CHOICE OF LEARNED VS . “ INNATE APPLIES TO THE GENERAL STATEMENT . Obviously, the actual Korean forms in the examples would ALL be “learned”.
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