Michael Short Geography 5 Notes

Michael Short Geography 5 Notes - Geography5Part1 00:53

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Geography 5 Part 1 00:53 Things To Think About in Human Environment Are Culture and nature two different things Culture: Human Nature: Non Human Are Environmental Problems Technical or Socio-Economic Problems: How do we problemize the environment Ramifications, causes, solutions How are costs and benefits of Environmental degradation spread across society? Do the Poor suffer more than the rich and powerful What are the linkages between local, National, and Global Processes and  environmental Problems? What is the role of scale What time frame are we viewing environmental problems in? Human Time vs. Earth Time What methods do we employ to evaluate, detect, or predict environmental changes? Scientific or moral methods? Influence of power? How do we put a value on Environmental change? Economic value? Aesthetic Value? Cultural value? Who Evaluates? What is the role of the individual, government, civil society, and market in addressing  environmental problems? Three Perspectives on Human Environment Relations
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Utilitarian Perspective/Anthropocentric Nature should be used for humans Sustain us Please us Broad Spectrum Environmental sustainability: Ability of an ecosystem to maintain productivity for humans  into the future Often embraces technology and science to achieve sustainability Biocentric/Ecocentric Perspective Nature has inherent rights equal to humans Humans have moral responsibility to give nature those rights Spiritual engagement with nature Buddhism, Taoism Primitivism or simple living Human happiness decreases with civilization Social Nature Perspective Nature is a human concept or social construct We all view nature differently Formed by our experiences Post modern perspective Science is just a way of seeing nature Technology may change our views of nature Power is instrumental in defining the truth about nature Our views of nature are historical and change over time Common approaches to solving environmental problems
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Ecological Modernization Environmental problems caused by irrational behavior and inappropriate technology Application of science and scientific methods is the solution Scientific experts should lead conservation efforts Socio-Political Approach Environmental problems are caused by social, political, and economic processes and  power relations Inequality, poverty, oppression, unfair market Solving social problems is key to solving environmental problems Social scientists are just as important as scientists Populist Approach Environmental problems are often highly contingent on local circumstances Local people hold the most knowledge about local environments Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) Neo-Liberal Approach Environmental problems caused by inappropriate economic valuing
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Michael Short Geography 5 Notes - Geography5Part1 00:53

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