9FC654603FDE4B4C87C932562B36EF3A

9FC654603FDE4B4C87C932562B36EF3A - are recycled some...

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Chapter 24 Digestive System
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Digestive Processes Ingestion Movement / peristalsis Digestion (chemical & mechanical) Absorption Defecation
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Anatomical Terms Mesentery Falciform ligament Mesocolon
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Gastric Digestion Zymogenic (peptic) (Chief) cells = pepsin Parietal (oxyntic) cells = HCl Mucous cells Enteroendocrine cells = gastrin Gastric lipase & rennin
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Liver Function Carbohydrate metabolism Fat metabolism Protein metabolism Excretion of bile Synthesis of bile salts Storage of vitamins, minerals and glycogen Phagocytosis of WBC’s and RBC’s Activation of vitamin D Removal of toxins (includes ammonia) Manufactures heparin
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Bile Bile consists of water, bile salts, cholesterol, phospholipids, bile pigments and ions. Bile pigment consists of iron, globin, and bilirubin (from the heme). Iron and globin
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Unformatted text preview: are recycled some bilirubin is excreted in bile. Pancreas • Islets of Langerhans produce insulin and glucagon • Acini produce pancreatic juice – – Sodium bicarbonate – Amylase – Trypsin – Lipase – Ribonuclease – Deoxyribonuclease Intestinal Juice • Water and mucus • Maltase, Sucrase and lactase • Peptidase • Ribonuclease • Deoxyribonuclease Lactose intolerance = no lactase Summary Chart on Digestion Terms & Diseases • Caries and plaque • Peritonitis • Peptic ulcers • Appendicitis • Tumors • Cirrhosis More terms • Diverticulosis, diverticulitis, diverticulum • Hepatitis • Biliary calculi (gallstones) • Borborygmus • Cholecystitis • Cholelithiasis • Colitis • Colostomy More Terms • Dysphagia • Hernia • Ascites • Bruxism • Laparoscopy • Pancreatitis • Pyloric stenosis • Lithotrypsy...
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PDBIO 220 taught by Professor Tomco during the Winter '09 term at BYU.

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9FC654603FDE4B4C87C932562B36EF3A - are recycled some...

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