D78B91B960AF438E85BCA8EB107BD96F

D78B91B960AF438E85BCA8EB107BD96F - Urea from metabolism of...

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Chapter 26 Urinary System
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Functions of the Kidneys Regulating blood ionic composition Regulating blood pH Regulating blood volume Regulating blood pressure Produce calcitrol and erythropoietin Regulating blood glucose Excreting wastes
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Functions Regulating blood ionic composition Regulating blood pH Regulating blood volume Regulating blood pressure Produce calcitrol and erythropoietin Regulating blood glucose Excreting wastes
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Characteristics of Urine Volume = 1 to 2 liters / day Color = yellow or amber (red from beets) Turbidity = Transparent Odor = aromatic (asparagus gives another distinct odor) pH = 4.6 to 8.0 Specific gravity (density) – more dense with solutes.
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Filtered or Reabsorbed Substance Plasma Urine Proteins 200 g 0.1 g Bicarbonate 4.6 g 0 Glucose 3 g 0 Urea 4.8 g 25 g Uric acid 0.15 g 0.8 g Creatinine 0.03 g 1.6 g
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Normal Constituents of Urine
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Unformatted text preview: Urea from metabolism of amino acids Creatinine from creatine metabolism Uric acid from catabolism of nucleic acids Urobilinogen breakdown of hemoglobin Hippuric acid, indican, and ketone bodies Other substances and inorganic molecules Abnormal Constituents of Urine Albuminuria Glucosuria Hematuria Pyuria Ketonuria (Ketosis) Bilirubinuria Casts Renal calculi Microbes Words Glomerulonephritis ( Steptococcus) Pyelonephritis Cystitis Polycystic disease Renal failure UTIs Azotemia More Words Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) Uremia Urethritis Enuresis Nocturnal enuresis Micturition Incontinence More Words Lithotripsy Dysuria Polyuria Nocturia Anuria Oliguria...
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D78B91B960AF438E85BCA8EB107BD96F - Urea from metabolism of...

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